The fast globalization of the economy was followed rapidly by a political and social counter-reaction. The workers, activists and populations that bore the brunt of this form of internationalization organized themselves quickly into a worldwide network known as the 'alterglobalists'. From the roots of unrest in South-America to the Western top-hopping activist youth, this series of photo's tries to visually capture some of the hubs and connections in this political network without a precedent.Wim Klerkx, 2003-2005.

The fast globalization of the economy was followed rapidly by a political and social counter-reaction. The workers, activists and populations that bore the brunt of this form of internationalization organized themselves quickly into a worldwide network known as the 'alterglobalists'. From the roots of unrest in South-America to the Western top-hopping activist youth, this series of photo's tries to visually capture some of the hubs and connections in this political network without a precedent.
Wim Klerkx, 2003-2005.

From a shed opposite the gate of the Coca-Cola factory, inhabitants of the south-Indian village Plachimada stage their daily protests against this plant. Since this factory started operating in this village in 2001, the groundwater-level has sunk dramatically and the water was polluted. They could count on sympathy and help from activists around the world, as they saw this as a clear example how a large international company hurts the interests of a local population.

From a shed opposite the gate of the Coca-Cola factory, inhabitants of the south-Indian village Plachimada stage their daily protests against this plant. Since this factory started operating in this village in 2001, the groundwater-level has sunk dramatically and the water was polluted. They could count on sympathy and help from activists around the world, as they saw this as a clear example how a large international company hurts the interests of a local population.

In the park opposite both the head-offices of World Bank and IMF, a spokesman of the ’50 years is enough’ network gives a speech for a small group of protesters. They have gathered to ‘celebrate’ the 60th birthday of both institutions. For more than 10 years, activists from this coalition work for cancellation of 3rd World debts to developed countries and openness and accountability for decision-taking within these monetary institutes which they regard responsible for keeping developing countries economically backward.

In the park opposite both the head-offices of World Bank and IMF, a spokesman of the ’50 years is enough’ network gives a speech for a small group of protesters. They have gathered to ‘celebrate’ the 60th birthday of both institutions. For more than 10 years, activists from this coalition work for cancellation of 3rd World debts to developed countries and openness and accountability for decision-taking within these monetary institutes which they regard responsible for keeping developing countries economically backward.

On the last day of the 2004 European Social Forum, held in London, the participants stage a protest-march against the war and occupation of Iraq. The various social and political movements that make up the alterglobalisaton movement meet each other at informal conferences. During these 'fora' agreement often arises about issues that somehow connect all the movements and against which a protest is then organized.

On the last day of the 2004 European Social Forum, held in London, the participants stage a protest-march against the war and occupation of Iraq. The various social and political movements that make up the alterglobalisaton movement meet each other at informal conferences. During these 'fora' agreement often arises about issues that somehow connect all the movements and against which a protest is then organized.

In downtown Geneva, German riot police is dispersing protesters with rubber bullets. The protesters, consisting of anti-G8 activists and inhabitants of Geneva, protested against the police-actions in reaction to a peaceful sit-in demonstration, held without a permit on one of the busiest intersections of Geneva. Besides that, inhabitants of this Swiss city were offended by the presence of active German police-officers, who were assisting their Swiss colleagues during the G8-summit.

In downtown Geneva, German riot police is dispersing protesters with rubber bullets. The protesters, consisting of anti-G8 activists and inhabitants of Geneva, protested against the police-actions in reaction to a peaceful sit-in demonstration, held without a permit on one of the busiest intersections of Geneva. Besides that, inhabitants of this Swiss city were offended by the presence of active German police-officers, who were assisting their Swiss colleagues during the G8-summit.

During the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, the Portuguese sociologist Boaventura-de-Souza-Santos answers questions from the audience. The debate with the title ‘Another world without taking power, from anti-globalization to alterglobalization’ is one of the 2500 events during the forum. Besides Boaventura sits Michael Hardt, a political philosopher who, with Antonio Negri, wrote 'Empire', standard literature within the alterglobalization movement.

During the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, the Portuguese sociologist Boaventura-de-Souza-Santos answers questions from the audience. The debate with the title ‘Another world without taking power, from anti-globalization to alterglobalization’ is one of the 2500 events during the forum. Besides Boaventura sits Michael Hardt, a political philosopher who, with Antonio Negri, wrote 'Empire', standard literature within the alterglobalization movement.

During the World Social Forum of 2004 in Mumbai, tens of thousands of participants move along the main intersection of the forum’s venue, an abandoned textile-factory on the outskirts of Mumbai.

During the World Social Forum of 2004 in Mumbai, tens of thousands of participants move along the main intersection of the forum’s venue, an abandoned textile-factory on the outskirts of Mumbai.

An audience is following a debate and studies the program of the 2004 European Social Forum held in London. Following the example of the World Social Forum, held yearly since 2001, there is worldwide surge in local, national and regional Social Fora. It proves a growing need among activists and interested citizens to discuss internationally related social, economic and political issues, and to search for alternatives for the predominant models.

An audience is following a debate and studies the program of the 2004 European Social Forum held in London. Following the example of the World Social Forum, held yearly since 2001, there is worldwide surge in local, national and regional Social Fora. It proves a growing need among activists and interested citizens to discuss internationally related social, economic and political issues, and to search for alternatives for the predominant models.

Participants of the World Social Forum 2004 gather in one of the main halls at the venue, which can seat up to 5.000 people. The venue is an abandoned textile-factory on the outskirts of Mumbai.

Participants of the World Social Forum 2004 gather in one of the main halls at the venue, which can seat up to 5.000 people. The venue is an abandoned textile-factory on the outskirts of Mumbai.

After a debate about the need of democratization of international institutes like the UN and World Bank was concluded, the well-known alterglobalist writer George Monbiot (R) answers questions from an American journalist, at the World Social Forum 2004.

After a debate about the need of democratization of international institutes like the UN and World Bank was concluded, the well-known alterglobalist writer George Monbiot (R) answers questions from an American journalist, at the World Social Forum 2004.

Just before the closing ceremony of the 2004 World Social Forum in Mumbai, Minar Pimple, Co-organizer of the forum and director of the Indian youth and volunteer-association YUVA, answers questions from the international press.

Just before the closing ceremony of the 2004 World Social Forum in Mumbai, Minar Pimple, Co-organizer of the forum and director of the Indian youth and volunteer-association YUVA, answers questions from the international press.

During the 2004 World Social Forum a participant wanders among the numerous stalls of the social movements and NGO’s that make their presentation at the forum. Thousands of social movements present themselves and the issues they are working on. The aim is to learn from others and to create alliances with movements with similar goals.

During the 2004 World Social Forum a participant wanders among the numerous stalls of the social movements and NGO’s that make their presentation at the forum. Thousands of social movements present themselves and the issues they are working on. The aim is to learn from others and to create alliances with movements with similar goals.

In the south-Brazilian city Porto Alegre the 5th World Social forum is held in 2005 at a venue several miles long. In hundreds of tents en warehouses 6 days of debates, concerts and workshops are organized, attracting 155.000 participants from 135 countries.

In the south-Brazilian city Porto Alegre the 5th World Social forum is held in 2005 at a venue several miles long. In hundreds of tents en warehouses 6 days of debates, concerts and workshops are organized, attracting 155.000 participants from 135 countries.

From a shed opposite the gate of the Coca-Cola factory, inhabitants of the south-Indian village Plachimada stage their daily protests against this plant. With daily actions and with help from the international network of activists and social movements, the inhabitants have forced the factory to close down.

From a shed opposite the gate of the Coca-Cola factory, inhabitants of the south-Indian village Plachimada stage their daily protests against this plant. With daily actions and with help from the international network of activists and social movements, the inhabitants have forced the factory to close down.

In the former directors-room of the Zanon tile-factory in the Argentinian provincial town of Neuquen, workers are holding a meeting about the juridical aspects of their occupation of the factory. Mariano Pedrero, the lawyer of the Zanon workers, gives an update on the update on the procedure to disown the factory from the director.

In the former directors-room of the Zanon tile-factory in the Argentinian provincial town of Neuquen, workers are holding a meeting about the juridical aspects of their occupation of the factory. Mariano Pedrero, the lawyer of the Zanon workers, gives an update on the update on the procedure to disown the factory from the director.

The workers of Zanon are part of a national movement of workers that have occupied the factories they worked in, after the economical crisis of 2001 and the ensuing bankruptcies. The movement has occupied about 200 factories all over Argentina and manage to continue production despite the harsh economical climate. The portrait on the wall is of Carlos Menem, former Argentinian president and personal affiliate of the factory-owner mr. Zanon. It was under Menem that Argentina pushed through radical liberal reforms in the ‘90’s.

The workers of Zanon are part of a national movement of workers that have occupied the factories they worked in, after the economical crisis of 2001 and the ensuing bankruptcies. The movement has occupied about 200 factories all over Argentina and manage to continue production despite the harsh economical climate. The portrait on the wall is of Carlos Menem, former Argentinian president and personal affiliate of the factory-owner mr. Zanon. It was under Menem that Argentina pushed through radical liberal reforms in the ‘90’s.

The workers of 'factory without bosses' Zanon, hold their daily assembly where management decisions are taken by consensus. Alejandro Lopez, who represents the Zanon workers at the World Social Forum, counts the votes. The workers of occupied factories are in close contact with other social movements in Argentina and the rest of the world who consider their occupation as a viable alternative to the ‘neoliberal’ economic-social model.

The workers of 'factory without bosses' Zanon, hold their daily assembly where management decisions are taken by consensus. Alejandro Lopez, who represents the Zanon workers at the World Social Forum, counts the votes. The workers of occupied factories are in close contact with other social movements in Argentina and the rest of the world who consider their occupation as a viable alternative to the ‘neoliberal’ economic-social model.

Andreas Jimenez, one of the workers of Zanon repairs an oil-filter from the production-line. In 2001, Andreas and his colleagues occupied their tile-factory when it was on the brink of bankruptcy, in order to keep their jobs. Now, about 400 people are once again working at Zanon, and make profit. Because there is no official status for the factory, it is hard to get spare-parts for the production line.

Andreas Jimenez, one of the workers of Zanon repairs an oil-filter from the production-line. In 2001, Andreas and his colleagues occupied their tile-factory when it was on the brink of bankruptcy, in order to keep their jobs. Now, about 400 people are once again working at Zanon, and make profit. Because there is no official status for the factory, it is hard to get spare-parts for the production line.

Indian and Canadian activists interview an inhabitant of a temporary MST transition-camp in southern Brazil. The landless-movement MST exists for more than 20 years and unites hundreds of thousands landless peasants that occupy unused land for agriculture and living. Activists and social movements from around the world see this organization as an effective example of land-reform from below.

Indian and Canadian activists interview an inhabitant of a temporary MST transition-camp in southern Brazil. The landless-movement MST exists for more than 20 years and unites hundreds of thousands landless peasants that occupy unused land for agriculture and living. Activists and social movements from around the world see this organization as an effective example of land-reform from below.

Architecture-students from São Paulo assist José Raimundo with the design and building of his house. José is a member of MST who since a few months has a legal claim to a plot of illegally occupied land not far from São Paulo. From within Brazil, but also internationally, the landless peasant-movement MST gets support and sympathy from activists and other social movements.

Architecture-students from São Paulo assist José Raimundo with the design and building of his house. José is a member of MST who since a few months has a legal claim to a plot of illegally occupied land not far from São Paulo. From within Brazil, but also internationally, the landless peasant-movement MST gets support and sympathy from activists and other social movements.

Architecture-students from São Paulo assist José Raimundo, a member of MST who since a few months has a legal claim to a plot of illegally occupied land, with the design of his house. Within the alterglobalist movement MST is seen as an effective example of land-reform from below.

Architecture-students from São Paulo assist José Raimundo, a member of MST who since a few months has a legal claim to a plot of illegally occupied land, with the design of his house. Within the alterglobalist movement MST is seen as an effective example of land-reform from below.

After a speech in the MST settlement ‘Lagoa do Junco’ in southern Brazil, Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez Frias answers questions of the press. For a former military man who once even staged a coup, Chávez is an unlikely example for the alterglobalist movement. Still, many think that Chavez with his so-called 'Bolivarian revolution' practices on a state level what is often preached within the movement.

After a speech in the MST settlement ‘Lagoa do Junco’ in southern Brazil, Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez Frias answers questions of the press. For a former military man who once even staged a coup, Chávez is an unlikely example for the alterglobalist movement. Still, many think that Chavez with his so-called 'Bolivarian revolution' practices on a state level what is often preached within the movement.

Venezuelan president Chávez gives a speech in the MST settlement ‘Lagoa do Junco’. This settlement houses 35 families who cultivate a total of 800 hectares with mainly rice. It is one of thousands of temporary and permanent, legal and illegal MST-settlements in Brazil.

Venezuelan president Chávez gives a speech in the MST settlement ‘Lagoa do Junco’. This settlement houses 35 families who cultivate a total of 800 hectares with mainly rice. It is one of thousands of temporary and permanent, legal and illegal MST-settlements in Brazil.

In downtown Caracas, in between ministry-buildings, 5-star hotels and museums, 12 jobless ex-soldiers started a government approved organic market garden, at the construction site that was planned to become the national library. President Chávez and his party govern oil-rich Venezuela since 1998 en make headway with a social program called the ‘Bolivarian revolution’.

In downtown Caracas, in between ministry-buildings, 5-star hotels and museums, 12 jobless ex-soldiers started a government approved organic market garden, at the construction site that was planned to become the national library. President Chávez and his party govern oil-rich Venezuela since 1998 en make headway with a social program called the ‘Bolivarian revolution’.

In the shanty-town ‘El Retiro’ in Caracas, inhabitants are waiting for free dental care offered by local and Cuban dentists who have been brought over to Venezuela with the exchange program ‘oil for doctors’. Since president Chávez launched his ‘Bolivarian revolution’, priorities for spending the high oil revenues have been relayed from prestige-projects to education, health care en work for the 60% of the population that lives in poverty.

In the shanty-town ‘El Retiro’ in Caracas, inhabitants are waiting for free dental care offered by local and Cuban dentists who have been brought over to Venezuela with the exchange program ‘oil for doctors’. Since president Chávez launched his ‘Bolivarian revolution’, priorities for spending the high oil revenues have been relayed from prestige-projects to education, health care en work for the 60% of the population that lives in poverty.

An octogonal standard neighborhood-clinic in shanty-town ‘El Retiro’ in Caracas. With the program ‘Barrio adentro’ these clinics have appeared in poor neighborhoods and regions all over Venezuela. Two doctors, many of them brought over from Cuba under the exchange program ‘oil for doctors’, live on the 1st floor. On the ground floor, anyone living near can get free basic health care.

An octogonal standard neighborhood-clinic in shanty-town ‘El Retiro’ in Caracas. With the program ‘Barrio adentro’ these clinics have appeared in poor neighborhoods and regions all over Venezuela. Two doctors, many of them brought over from Cuba under the exchange program ‘oil for doctors’, live on the 1st floor. On the ground floor, anyone living near can get free basic health care.

Canadian Media-activist Naomi Klein (Left) in a debate with Nokia-employees (4th and 5th from left) in Cultural centre ‘De Balie’ in Amsterdam. The debate with the title ‘It’s our business’, between makers of critical documentary-films and representatives of the international businesses these films are about, was organized during the International Documentary Film Festival in Amsterdam.

Canadian Media-activist Naomi Klein (Left) in a debate with Nokia-employees (4th and 5th from left) in Cultural centre ‘De Balie’ in Amsterdam. The debate with the title ‘It’s our business’, between makers of critical documentary-films and representatives of the international businesses these films are about, was organized during the International Documentary Film Festival in Amsterdam.

A group of young activists calling themselves the ‘Radical Cheerleader Bloc’, have come to washington to demonstrate against the World Bank and IMF and to attract attention to the negative effects of these institutions with street-actions. For many youth in the western world, solidarity with people in developing countries goes hand in hand with an alternative worldview and lifestyle.

A group of young activists calling themselves the ‘Radical Cheerleader Bloc’, have come to washington to demonstrate against the World Bank and IMF and to attract attention to the negative effects of these institutions with street-actions. For many youth in the western world, solidarity with people in developing countries goes hand in hand with an alternative worldview and lifestyle.

From Lausanne, on Lake Lemans close to Geneva, three activists set sail to Evian on the other side of the lake where at this moment the G8-summit is taking place. About 200 meters out, the home-made raft began to sink and was pulled back ashore with the help of the abundantly present coast-guard. At G8 or other international summits, the presence of a mixed array of protest-movements from far that will try to cause disruptions, has become a tradition.

From Lausanne, on Lake Lemans close to Geneva, three activists set sail to Evian on the other side of the lake where at this moment the G8-summit is taking place. About 200 meters out, the home-made raft began to sink and was pulled back ashore with the help of the abundantly present coast-guard. At G8 or other international summits, the presence of a mixed array of protest-movements from far that will try to cause disruptions, has become a tradition.

In the centre of Edinburgh, police-agents try to make photographs of autonomous and anarchist-movements that have come to disrupt the G8-meeting in nearby Gleneagles. The policemen are being forced back by a peaceful group of activists that operate under the name ‘Insurgent Rebel Clown Army’. An activist in an orange vest is taking notes of the interactions as a ‘legal observer’. Although the 'cat and mouse' tactics between police and activists have proven to be not very effective for the protesters, the tradition is held up.

In the centre of Edinburgh, police-agents try to make photographs of autonomous and anarchist-movements that have come to disrupt the G8-meeting in nearby Gleneagles. The policemen are being forced back by a peaceful group of activists that operate under the name ‘Insurgent Rebel Clown Army’. An activist in an orange vest is taking notes of the interactions as a ‘legal observer’. Although the 'cat and mouse' tactics between police and activists have proven to be not very effective for the protesters, the tradition is held up.

During the ‘Make Poverty History’ protest march through the centre of Edinburgh, a few days before the start of the G8 summit in the Scottisch village Gleneagles, a protester dressed up as a fairy-tale tries to wish away a line of policemen. Police was present in record-numbers to prevent any riots or disruptions of the summit. This line of policemen was isolating a group of masked anarchists that had broken away from the rally and had spray painted a coach.

During the ‘Make Poverty History’ protest march through the centre of Edinburgh, a few days before the start of the G8 summit in the Scottisch village Gleneagles, a protester dressed up as a fairy-tale tries to wish away a line of policemen. Police was present in record-numbers to prevent any riots or disruptions of the summit. This line of policemen was isolating a group of masked anarchists that had broken away from the rally and had spray painted a coach.

A protest rally through the closed-off centre of Washington DC, against the policies of World Bank and IMF that have their main-offices here. The march was organized by the ’50 years is enough’ coalition of protest-movements. According to alterglobalists, much of inequality and misery in the world is the result of the 'neoliberal' model of economic liberalization. Institutes who implement those policies or meetings between world-leaders to agree on those are since the '90's invariably targeted by protest-actions by 'top-hopping' activists.

A protest rally through the closed-off centre of Washington DC, against the policies of World Bank and IMF that have their main-offices here. The march was organized by the ’50 years is enough’ coalition of protest-movements. According to alterglobalists, much of inequality and misery in the world is the result of the 'neoliberal' model of economic liberalization. Institutes who implement those policies or meetings between world-leaders to agree on those are since the '90's invariably targeted by protest-actions by 'top-hopping' activists.

‘Colonel Oftruth’ (R), of the ‘Clandestine Insurgent Rebel Clown Army’ leads his troops through Edinburgh on the day of the ‘Make poverty History’ march in Edinburgh. Many autonomous and anarchist-movements have come to Edinburgh and surroundings to disrupt the G8-meeting in nearby Gleneagles. The majority of protest-actions by activists are peaceful, but groups looking for trouble or overcautious and provocative behavior of police often lead to riots.

‘Colonel Oftruth’ (R), of the ‘Clandestine Insurgent Rebel Clown Army’ leads his troops through Edinburgh on the day of the ‘Make poverty History’ march in Edinburgh. Many autonomous and anarchist-movements have come to Edinburgh and surroundings to disrupt the G8-meeting in nearby Gleneagles. The majority of protest-actions by activists are peaceful, but groups looking for trouble or overcautious and provocative behavior of police often lead to riots.

During the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, the movement MST holds a ‘solidarity’ evening for the Palestinian cause in an indoor stadium.

During the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, the movement MST holds a ‘solidarity’ evening for the Palestinian cause in an indoor stadium.

A few days before the start of the G8 summit in the Scottisch village Gleneagles, a protest march under the banner ‘Make poverty History’ is held in the streets of nearby Edinburgh. At the end of the march, the banners and signs are collected. Some of the central causes of the ‘Alterglobalist’-movement, dropping the debts of third-world countries and actively fighting global warming, were in 2005 main issues on the G8 agenda for the first time.

A few days before the start of the G8 summit in the Scottisch village Gleneagles, a protest march under the banner ‘Make poverty History’ is held in the streets of nearby Edinburgh. At the end of the march, the banners and signs are collected. Some of the central causes of the ‘Alterglobalist’-movement, dropping the debts of third-world countries and actively fighting global warming, were in 2005 main issues on the G8 agenda for the first time.